The medical condition of hernia characterizes pushing through an organ or its part from the muscles and tissues that hold it in place. The opening through which this organ makes a partial exit may occur because of the weakening of the region or due to other causes. For instance, a part of the intestine may protrude outwards if the abdominal wall of the adjoining region weakens.
Hernia: Causes, Types, and Symptoms
The abdominal region commonly suffers from the condition while it may also occur in the groin, belly, thigh and other regions. The condition is not fatal but as it may not heal, surgery may be required. Negligence leads to severe medical complications and hence it is important to contact a leading hospital in order to get the perfect hernia treatment by specialist doctor for quick recovery.
Causes of Hernia
The most common causes of the condition include stress and muscular weakness. Injury, surgery caused weakening, age, chronic cough, and certain congenital defects may also cause hernia. If the muscles are weak, the condition may occur due to pregnancy, heavy weight lifting, constipation, the presence of a large amount of fluid within the abdominal cavity, and weight gain. A hernia doctor will assess the situation better.
Common Types of Hernia
Hernia is not an uncommon disease and may manifest itself in many different forms and types. Some of the most prominent types of the medical condition include:
Femoral: It is a kind of a groin hernia and the condition involves protrusion of a portion of intestine or the bladder. It occurs most often in men. The natural weakness that causes this condition occurs before birth itself, when the testicles descend to reach the scrotum region.
Umbilical: This condition affects the babies and kids below 5 years of age. The intestines bulge at the abdominal walls, near the body region where the belly button is located. The condition may get healed on its own by the age of 1 year. If it does not, surgery may be required.
Hiatal: Hiatus is an opening located at the diaphragm region. A hiatal hernia characterizes itself through the squeezing of the stomach through the hiatus. The condition may cause further complications including GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), heartburn, and stomach problems.
Incisional: The hernia affects and occurs at a place where a prior surgical incision has been made. It affects both men and women.
Symptoms of Hernia
The condition of a hernia is often accompanied by intense pain, but sometimes there may be a total absence of it. It may be evident in the form of swelling under the skin region at the chest, groin or abdomen. Symptoms other than these include constipation, blood within the stools, bloating and others.
The hernia conditions that occur in the infants heal themselves naturally. In adults, surgery may be required. The minimally invasive surgical procedure for treating hernia is the laparoscopic surgery, while an open surgery may also be performed.
It is important to see the expert services of a leading and multispecialty hospital which has advanced technological medical/surgical procedures, and hernia specialist doctors for treating the condition fully. Laparoscopy provides for a more comfortable treatment option and the leading hospitals also have the experts to treat you in the best way.
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